Objective To build up a cost-effective case-based reasoning framework for medical research eligibility testing by just reusing the digital health records (EHRs) of minimal enrolled participants to represent the prospective affected person for every trial in mind. towards the trial; the bigger the relevance the much more likely the individual was eligible. Relevance ratings had been a weighted linear mix of cosine commonalities computed over specific EHR data types. For evaluation we determined 262 individuals of 13 varied clinical trials carried out at Columbia College or university as our yellow metal standard. We went a 2-collapse mix validation with half of the individuals used for teaching and the spouse used for tests and also other 30?000 patients selected at random from our clinical database. We performed binary classification and ranking experiments. Results The overall area under the ROC curve for classification was 0.95 enabling the highlight of eligible patients with good precision. Ranking showed satisfactory results especially at the top of the recommended list with each PHA-848125 (Milciclib) trial having at least one eligible patient in the top five positions. Conclusions This relevance-based method can potentially be used to identify eligible patients for clinical trials by processing patient EHR data alone without parsing free-text eligibility criteria and shows PHA-848125 (Milciclib) promise of efficient “case-based reasoning” modeled only on minimal trial participants. (Pis the precision when the top-patients are retrieved that is the fraction PHA-848125 (Milciclib) true positives in the top-of the ranking. We used http://dory.trialx.com/ask/. Accessed April 1 2014 26 TrialReach. http://www.trialreach.com/. Accessed April 1 2014 27 Miotto R Jiang S Weng C. eTACTS: a method for dynamically filtering clinical trial search results. J Biomed Inform. 2013 [PMC free article] [PubMed] 28 Afrin LB Oates JC Boyd CK Daniels MS. Leveraging of open EMR architecture for clinical trial accrual. AMIA Annu Symp PHA-848125 (Milciclib) Proc. 2003 [PMC free article] [PubMed] 29 Li L Chase HS Patel CO et al. Comparing ICD9-encoded diagnoses and NLP-processed discharge summaries for clinical trials pre-screening: a case study. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 [PMC free article] [PubMed] 30 Ohno-Machado L Parra E Henry SB et al. AIDS2: a decision-support tool for decreasing physicians’ uncertainty regarding patient eligibility for HIV treatment protocols. Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Care. 1993 [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] 31 Papaconstantinou C Theocharous G Mahadevan S. A specialist program for assigning sufferers into clinical studies predicated on Bayesian SPERT systems. J Med Syst. 1998 [PubMed] 32 K?pcke F Trinczek B Majeed RW. et al. Evaluation of data completeness within the digital health record for the purpose of affected person recruitment into scientific studies: a retrospective evaluation of element existence. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2013 [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] 33 Sumi E Teramukai S PHA-848125 (Milciclib) Yamamoto K et al. The relationship between the amount of entitled sufferers in routine scientific practice and the reduced recruitment level in scientific studies: a retrospective research using digital medical records. Studies. 2013 [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] 34 Aamodt A Plaza E. Case-based reasoning: foundational problems methodological PHA-848125 (Milciclib) variants and system techniques. AI Commun. 1994 35 Begum S Ahmed MU Funk P et al. Case-based reasoning systems in medical sciences: a study of recent developments and advancements. IEEE T Syst Guy Cy C. 2011 36 Owen MC Chang NM Chong DH Vawdrey DK. Evaluation of medicine list completeness annotations and protection. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2011 [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] 37 Vawdrey DK Chang N Compton A et al. Influence of digital medicine reconciliation at medical center entrance on clinician workflow. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2010 [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] 38 Forman BH Cimino JJ Johnson SB et al. Applying a managed medical terminology to some distributed production scientific information program. Proc Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Treatment. 1995 [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] 39 Cimino JJ Clayton PD Hripcsak G Johnson SB. Knowledge-based methods to the maintenance of a big managed medical terminology. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1994 [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] 40 Cimino JJ. From data to understanding through concept-oriented terminologies: knowledge with the Medical Entities Dictionary. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2000 [PMC free of charge article].