Supplementary Materialscells-07-00028-s001

Supplementary Materialscells-07-00028-s001. depletion inhibits Trifloxystrobin cell growing on fibronectin [21], suggesting that flotillin-2 is usually important for the regulation of focal adhesions, which are integrin-based cellCmatrix adhesion structures. However, since depletion of flotillin-2 also results in severely reduced expression of flotillin-1 in many cell lines and in the knockout mouse models [13,31,33,44], it has not been possible to directly identify the specific role of each flotillin in adhesion. Thus, it was important to test if siRNAs against flotillin-1, which reduce but do not completely ablate the expression of flotillin-2, would affect cellCmatrix adhesion and cell migration. In all RNAi-based assays used in this paper, we generally obtained a knockdown of flotillins of about 90% at the protein level by using two different, well-characterized siRNA sequences [17,19,21,31,44] directed against each flotillin in HeLa cells (Supplementary Physique S1a). Flotillin-2 knockdown resulted in about 85% depletion of flotillin-1 as well, whereas flotillin-1 knockdown reduced the levels of flotillin-2 to about 50% (Supplementary Physique S1b). To analyze the migration of flotillin siRNA-transfected cells, we used a wound healing assay in which a monolayer of cells is usually damaged by producing a Trifloxystrobin scrape of a standard width, and the closing of this wound by cells migrating towards each other from both sides is usually monitored. After 24 h, control siRNA-transfected HeLa cells had closed the wound, whereas with flotillin-1 or flotillin-2 siRNA-transfected cells, an open up space between Trifloxystrobin your wound sides was still noticed (Body 1a). To exclude the result of feasible proliferation distinctions on the full total outcomes, we performed the test under Mitomycin C treatment with practically identical results (Supplementary Physique S1c,d). The effect of Mitomycin C treatment around the cell cycle is usually shown in Trifloxystrobin Supplementary Physique S1e. These data suggest that cell migration is usually impaired upon ablation of flotillins. Open in a separate window Physique 1 Flotillin knockdown cells display a reduced migration rate in a wound healing assay, and depletion of flotillins results in impaired haptotactic migration, slower cell distributing and reduced quantity of FAs. (a) HeLa cells transfected with the indicated siRNAs were allowed to grow until confluent. A defined scrape was then produced (0 h, upper panels), and the closure of the wounded area was monitored over 24 h (lower panels). The photographs show CTMP a representative section from 3 experiments. The graphs represent plot profiles with integrated Trifloxystrobin pixel density across the wound area. (b) HeLa cells were transfected with the indicated siRNAs. The lower side of a Transwell membrane was coated with fibronectin, and the cells were seeded in the upper part. After 6 h, the amount of migrated cells on the lower membrane part was measured. The control siRNA sample was used as the reference value and set to 100%. At least five impartial experiments with duplicates per sample were performed ( 5, ** 0.001; One-way Anova). (c) HeLa cells were transfected with the indicated siRNAs, detached, and then seeded on fibronectin for 25 min. The cells were morphometrically scored as non-spread, half-spread, or spread. At least 200 cells were counted for each sample in at least four impartial experiments. For flotillin-2, the results with the two siRNAs were combined. The bars show mean SD ( 4, *** 0.001, Two-way Anova, significance is shown against the corresponding.