Patient sample data indicated the existence of a population of colorectal tumors with lower glutathione levels compared with those of matched normal tissues that might be suitable for the clinical testing of sensitivity to GCLC inhibitors. sensitivity to BSO in cultured cell lines derived from various types of malignancy, including those of the kidney [769P, 786-O, A-498, A704, ACHN, Caki-1, Caki-2, G401, G402, RCC4 VHL(?/-), RCC4 VHL(+/+), SK-NEP-1 and SW156] and ovaries (A2780 and A2780/CDDP). BSO was demonstrated to suppress glutathione levels and induce lipid peroxidation, thereby inhibiting cell viability. The viability-reducing effects of BSO were attenuated by ferroptosis inhibition and enhanced by iron, indicating that BSO induced ferroptosis in malignancy cells. The cell lines sensitive to BSO, including G402, tended to exhibit non-significantly lower levels of glutathione compared with the BSO-insensitive cell lines, including Caki-2 (P=0.08). Patient sample data indicated the presence of a populace of colorectal tumors with lower glutathione levels compared with those of matched normal tissues N-ε-propargyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine hydrochloride that might be suitable for the clinical testing of sensitivity to GCLC inhibitors. Collectively, these data suggest that GCL inhibition prospects to ferroptosis in malignancy cells, and that low glutathione tumor levels may be a patient selection marker for the use of GCL inhibitors in the treatment of tumors. deficiency (22). Therefore, VHL status is potentially associated with the regulation of the ROS defense system by GSH. In order to examine the association between status, BSO sensitivity and glutathione levels, the status of malignancy cells were analyzed. mutation data were downloaded from your Catalog of Somatic Mutations in Malignancy database, Cell Lines Project v79 (ftp://ftp.sanger.ac.uk/pub/CGP/cosmic). The copy number data for were downloaded from your Cancer Cell Collection Encyclopedia (http://www.broadinstitute.org/ccle). Measurement of lipid peroxidation A total of 1106 PANC-1 cells were seeded in a 10-cm dish, treated with BSO the following day, and incubated for 24 h at 37C. Subsequently, the cells were stripped with 0.25% trypsin at 37C. The cells were incubated with 5 M BODIPY 581/591 C11 Lipid Peroxidation Sensor (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.) for 30 min. Following two washes with PBS, the cells were re-suspended in BD FACS circulation sheath fluid (BD Biosciences, San N-ε-propargyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine hydrochloride Jose, CA, USA). The lipid peroxidation level was assessed using FACS Verse? system and analyzed with FAC Suite v184.108.40.20641 (both BD Biosciences). Metabolomic analysis of colorectal tumors and cell lines As explained in the previous report (23), all the experiments were conducted according to a study protocol approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Kagawa University or college (Heisei 24C040) upon obtaining informed consent from all subjects. The tumor and normal tissues were surgically obtained from 275 colorectal malignancy patients who had not received any prior treatments in Kagawa University or college Hospital from January 2012 to December 2013 according to the methods of the previous report (23). Of the 275 patients, 5 (1.8%), 2 (0.7%), 36 (13.1%), 102 (37.1%), 85 (30.9%), 45 (16.4%), had adenoma (median age, 77 years; range, 52C84 years; male/female, 1:4) and a clinical stage of 0 (median age, 73 years; range, 73C74 years; male/female, 1:1), I (median age, 70 years; range, 35C89 years; male/female, 22:14), II (median age, 73 years; range, 35C96 years; male/female, 64:38), III (median age, N-ε-propargyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine hydrochloride 70 years; range, 28C92 years; male/female, 42:43), IV (median age, 67 years; range, 37C88 years; male/female, 25:20), respectively. The complete amounts of metabolites in clinical colorectal tumor samples (n=275), their matched normal tissues (n=275) (23) and cell lines (RCC4 (24) and Soga (25C27). SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis The anti-heat-shock protein 90 antibody (cat no. CST4877; dilution, 1:2,000) for western blotting was purchased from Cell Signaling Technology, Inc. (Danvers, MA, USA). Antibodies against GCLC (cat no. ab190685; dilution, 1:5,000) and GSH synthetase (GSS; cat no. ab124811; dilution, 1:2,000) were purchased from Abcam (Cambridge, MA, USA). Cells (DLD-1, HCT-116, MIA PaCa-2, PC-3, 769P, 786-O, A-498, A704, ACHN, Caki-1, Caki-2, G401, G402, RCC4 gene in malignancy cell lines using Malignancy Cell Collection Encyclopedia data. GSH, glutathione (reduced form); ATP, adenosine triphosphate; GCLC, glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit; GSS, GSH synthetase; Hsp90, Rabbit Polyclonal to NPHP4 warmth shock protein 90; (logIC50, ?4.77 vs. ?4.0 M, respectively; Table II). Total glutathione and GSH levels were lower in RCC4 status, BSO sensitivity and glutathione levels was additionally investigated using G402 (wild-type), HCT-116 (wild-type), status and sensitivity to BSO, or status and glutathione N-ε-propargyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine hydrochloride levels in these malignancy cell lines (Table II;.