A new method of grain boundary engineering (GBE) for powerful nanocrystalline materials, those made by electrodeposition and sputtering specifically, is discussed based on some important results from available outcomes on GBE for nanocrystalline components recently. segregation-induced intergranular brittleness and intergranular exhaustion fracture in electrodeposited nickel and nickel alloys with preliminary submicrometer-grained structure. A fresh method of GBE predicated on fractal evaluation of grain boundary connection is suggested to produce powerful nanocrystalline or submicrometer-grained components with desirable mechanised properties such as for example enhanced fracture level of resistance. Finally, the power of GBE is normally demonstrated for powerful functional components like gold slim films through specific control of electric resistance predicated on the fractal evaluation from the grain boundary microstructure. curve which indicates the partnership between the tension amplitude and variety of cycles to fracture in electrodeposited nanocrystalline NiC2.0 mass % P alloy specimens DTP348 with the original typical grain size of 45 nm . The exhaustion limit data are proven in Fig. 5 as well as those extracted from the books for electrodeposited nanocrystalline DTP348 Ni with the common grain size of DTP348 20 nm , for ultrafine-grained nickel with the common grain size of 300 nm  as well as for electrodeposited microcrystalline nickel with typical grain size . The exhaustion limit around 360 MPa approximated for the NiCP alloy specimens was 2 times greater than that of the microcrystalline nickel with typical grain size. This approximated value of exhaustion limit was near to the data reported for ultrafine-grained Ni specimens, and less than for nanocrystalline Ni with the common grain size of 20 nm. Shape 5 curves of nanocrystalline NiC2.0 mass % P alloy specimens: (a) pressure amplitude versus logarithm of amount of LAMA5 cycles to fracture  and (b) pressure amplitude normalized by best tensile strength (fatigue ratio) versus logarithm … Fig. 5 displays the curve indicating the partnership between the tension amplitude normalized by the best tensile power (exhaustion percentage, a/UTS) and amount of cycles to fracture (indicates the positioning through the fracture surface area . Shape reprinted with authorization from , copyright 2015 Elsevier Ltd. … Shape 8 Specimen surface area of electrodeposited nanocrystalline NiC2.0 mass % P alloy specimen after high-cycle fatigue check: (a) low-magnification image of the whole fracture surface; (bCd) are medium-magnification images and (eCf) are high-magnification … Fig. 9 shows the schematic illustrations of the possible mechanism of intergranular fatigue fracture assisted by the cyclic stress-induced grain growth and the grain boundary configuration forming the diamond-shaped grain structure. The details of the proposed mechanism of grain growth-assisted fatigue intergranular fracture can be obtained from the original article . Figure 9 (a) Schematic illustration of the mechanism of intergranular fatigue fracture at random boundaries and the formation of morphological features of the specimen surface and fracture surface associated with propagation of intergranular fatigue cracks in … The formation of a large width of striations and large size of dimples was often observed in the fracture surface of fatigued nanocrystalline metals and alloys [102,110,113,119] in relation to the presence of the 001 grain clusters. The 001 grain clusters interconnected by low-angle boundaries (indicated by white lines in Fig. 6) were probably deformed by shear stress as in the case of a single crystal, because the persistent slip bands (PSBs) can continuously transfer across the low-angle boundaries . The fatigue cracks preferentially nucleated along random boundaries DTP348 whose boundary plane may almost correspond to the direction of shear band. They nucleate at the deformation ledge produced at sliding random boundaries by the interaction with DTP348 PSBs or triple junctions of high connectivity of random boundaries, as discussed in detail by Watanabe . In fatigue fracture of nanocrystalline Ni, Kumar et al.  also reported the formation mechanism of deformation ledge, although the stress-induced grain growth and arrangement of random boundaries toward 45 to the stress axis was.